Retour vers liste

Détail de la contribution


Co-Auteur(s): Savelina BANOVA, Sofia University, Bulgaria

The native element in 'brand new' loan verbs: adaptation strategies in Bulgarian and Hungarian

Abstract/Résumé: The paper examines certain parameters in the “solutions” that are realized in the process of adaptation of the most recent verbal borrowings into two languages – Hungarian and Bulgarian. The loanwords have predominately English origin and are mainly connected with the field of computer technologies. They are characterized by certain non-stability, however, by tracing and comparing the adaptation strategies in both languages, we encounter a systematic pattern that is specific namely for those “fresh” verbal borrowings. Generally, as it is known, whenever a lexical unit enters a language and starts functioning as a verb in the recipient language, it undergoes some verbalization – often by receiving a derivational suffix, regardless whether the donor word belongs to the verb class or not. In our investigation we claim that the most recent verbal borrowings demonstrate a “preference” towards a particular derivational suffix – language specific for Hungarian, or, respectively, Bulgarian – which is different from the one employed for the adaptation of verbal borrowings dating from the preceding loan waves (late 19th and 20th c.). The comparison of the adaptation strategies of the Finno-Ugric Hungarian and the Slavonic Bulgarian reveals striking parallels in the adaptation patterns. Selected references: Itô, Junko and Arman Mester. 2003. Japanese Morphophonemics: Markedness and Word Structure. MIT Press.,Cambridge (Mass.) Kertész, Zsuzsa. 2003. Vowel harmony and the stratified lexicon of Hungarian. In: The Odd Yearbook 7: 62-77 Kiefer, Ferenc. 2001. Struktúrális magyar nyelvtan. Budapest: Akadémiai kiadó Vankov, Lyubomir. 1957. Към историята на глаголния суфикс -ирам в български. В: Езиковедски изследвания в чест на акад. Ст. Младенов, 141-155 Wichman, Søren and Jan Wohlgemuth. 2005. Loan verbs in a typological perspective. In: Th. Stolz, R.Palomo and D.Bakker (ed) Proceedings of the Romanisation Worldwide Conference