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Auteur: Ana LUÍS

Co-Auteur(s): Hugo CARDOSO, University of Coimbra, Portugal

Creole verbal paradigms and stem allomorphy

Abstract/Résumé: Indo-Portuguese creoles, in particular, are known for showing an unusually high degree of retention of inflectional morphology (Clements 1996, Clements and Koontz-Garboden 2002, Luís 2008, 2011, Cardoso 2009). Despite such unique property, interesting differences can be found between the various Indo-Portuguese varieties (see for example Clements and Koontz-Garboden (2002) for a comparison between Korlai and Daman). In this paper, we will focus on Diu Indo-Portuguese (DIP) and examine the allomorphic alternations contained in its verbal paradigms. One of the immediately striking properties of DIP is that, unlike Korlai Indo-Portuguese, the verbal paradigm retains a non-past (finite) form which differs from the remaining verb forms in significant ways: a) it is affix-less and b) word stress falls on (the last syllable of) the stem and, as a result of stress shift, c) it contains the low-open vowels [ɔ] (vs. [o]) and [ε] (vs. [e]). Its phonological shape can be traced back to the Portuguese 3sg Present Indicative stem, from which it appears to have been derived (Cardoso 2009). We provide evidence which shows that stem allomorphy is quite abundant in this language and offer an analysis of the observed inflectional alternations within Paradigm Function Morphology (Stump 2001), based on the distinction between realization rules (i.e. rules encoding morphosyntactic features) and morphomic rules (i.e. rules expressing formal alternations), following previous proposals by Luís (2008, 2011). REFERENCES: Cardoso, Hugo. 2009. The Indo-Portuguese language of Diu. Utrecht: LOT. Clements, J. Clancy. 1996. The Genesis of a Language: The formation and development of Korlai Portuguese. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Clements, J. Clancy and Andrew Koontz-Garboden. 2002. “Two Indo-Portuguese Creoles in Contrast”. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 17:2.191-236. Luís, Ana R. 2011. Morphomic structure and loan-verb integration: evidence from lusophone creoles. In: Martin Maiden et al. (eds.) Morphological Autonomy: Perspectives from Romance Inflectional Morphology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 235-254. Luís, Ana R. 2008. Tense marking and inflectional morphology in indo-portuguese. In S. Michaelis (ed.). Roots of creole structures: Weighing the contribution of substrates and superstrates. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 83-121. Stump, Gregory. 2001. Inflectional Morphology: A Theory of Paradigm Structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.