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Auteur: Satya Harini YANAMANDRA

Telugu Causatives

Abstract/Résumé: TELUGU CAUSATIVES Causatives in Telugu are mostly morphological or periphrastic. Morphological causatives are formed by the suffix –inc, which attaches to the bare/transitive verb stem, with the causee marked with ceeta (= by means of, INST). (1) a. rama paaTa paaD -indi Rama-Nom song-Acc sing -past-agr ‘Rama sang a song.’ b. ravi rama-ceeta paaTa paaD – inc - aaDu Ravi-Nom Rama-INST song-Acc sing – caus -past-agr ‘Ravi made Rama sing a song.’ Periphrastic causatives are formed with the help of free-standing lexical verb cees (=make), which takes an infinitival complement (ending in -impa, the infinitival suffix). (2) a. paapa pustakamu-nu caduvu-nu child-Nom book-Acc read- agr ‘The child reads the book.’ b. amma paapa-to pustakamu-nu cadiv-impa ceeyu-nu Mother-Nom child-Dat book-Acc read-Infin make-agr ‘Mother makes the child read the book.’ This paper focuses on morphological and periphrastic causatives only. Based on the analysis of Baker (1985), it is understood that causative constructions are a result of syntactic head movement operations. Head movement, as per Julien (2000), is driven by a strong feature of the host that induces the host to incorporate the head of its complement. Applying cues from Koopman’s (1994) explanation of causatives, this paper gives a morpho-syntactic account of the head movement operations involved in case of Telugu causatives. If a language has a causative verb and overt V-to-I movement, the causative verb will be an affix (-inc in Telugu). In case of morphological causatives, the verb moves overtly to the I˚ head, the features of I˚ (and possibly the features of T˚) being strong, trigger an overt movement of V˚ so that the strong features can be checked off before the derivation reaches PF. In this case, the verb moves because its features must be checked off against strong features of T˚ and I˚. In case of periphrastic causatives, the relevant features are weak so that the verb stays in VP. In periphrastic constructions, the features of non-finite main verb seem to be incompatible with the morphological selection properties of T˚ and so a finite verb (-cees in Telugu) is inserted. Thus, it can be concluded that in case of Telugu causatives, in order to incorporate the causativized verb into V-caus and form the verbal complex, the head movement is either overt or covert. That is to say, in morphological causatives, the verb incorporates into V-caus by overt head movement while in periphrastic causatives, the incorporation is covert.