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Detail of contribution

Auteur: Rezvan MOTAVALLIAN

On obligatory Control in Persian

Abstract/Résumé: This paper investigates different kinds of Obligatory Control (OC) predicates in Persian subjunctive complements. Williams (1980) and Koster (1984) have noticed PRO in OC constructions is required to have a local, c-commanding and unique antecedent. These criteria are adopted by many Iranian linguists to determine OC in Persian. But in this paper it is shown that it is not necessary to have Uniqueness of controller, c-command relation between controller and controlee and the lack of lexical subject in the complement of Persian OC. This kind of OC is called Non-Exhaustive Control (NEC). However, the other type of OC called Exhaustive Control (EC) constructions observe all Williams (1980) and Koster’s (1984) criteria. In this paper, First it is shown that the obligatory control (OC) constructions syntactically consist of two subtypes EC and NEC allowing sloppy and De-se reading and barring arbitrary and Long Distance Control (LDC). Then building upon Jackendoff and Culicover (2003) and Culicover and Jackendoff’s (2005) semantic analysis of control which is devoted to the treatment of infinitival and gerundive complements, we show that in a very large class of cases of OC in Persian, the controlled subjunctive complement also denotes an action. Providing a descriptive typology of each verb class, this analysis justifies the syntactic classification of control predicates proposed in this paper. Classes of exceptions are treated as coercion in the sense of Sag and Pollard (1991), Pollard and Sag (1994), followed by Jackendoff and Culicover (2003) and Culicover and Jackendoff (2005), in which internal conventionalized semantic materials, not present in syntax, are added. The article shows that both semantic and syntactic properties of control predicates determine the type of control relation in Persian subjunctive complement clauses.